July 12, 2021
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) released the results of the 2020 Census of Population and Housing (CPH). These results were declared official for all purposes by President Rodrigo R. Duterte, pursuant to Proclamation Order No. 1179 dated July 6, 2021.
The Philippine population represents the total number of people living in the 17 administrative regions in the country as of May 1, 2020 at 12:01 AM, including Filipinos in Philippine embassies, consulates, and missions abroad.(PSA)
The CPH 2020 shows that the total population of the Philippines is now at 109, 035, 343 with an annual growth rate of 1.63, lower that the growth rate in the last censal year which stood at 1.72%.
Looking at the population of region 10, Northern Mindanao hits the 5-million mark in population at 5, 022, 768. This is higher by 333, 466 from 4, 689, 302 in 2015. The annual growth rate of the region also lowered to 1.46 from 1.68 in 2015, indicating that our population is still increasing but at a slower rate.
Of the five (5) provinces and nine (9) cities in the region, Bukidnon remains in the number one place of local government units (LGUs) having the biggest population at 1, 541, 308, followed by Misamis Oriental at 956, 900, and Cagayan de Oro City at 728, 402. These three LGUs account for 64% of the total population of the region. Furthermore, Manolo Fortich, Quezon, and Maramag, in Bukidnon, are three (3) of the municipalities in the region with the highest number of population at 113, 200, 109, 624, and 108, 293, respectively.
PSA also revealed that Bukidnon and Iligan City has an increased growth rate from 1.64 to 1.81 and 1.14 to 1.23, respectively. On the other hand, the rest of the provinces and cities have seen a decrease in annual growth rate with Misamis Occidental having the lowest growth rate at 0.53.
POPCOM Undersecretary Juan Antonio A. Perez, III, states that one of the reasons why our population is still increasing is the number of women who wish to plan their family but is unable to do so because of lack of information on FP and issues in the accessibility of services. Another factor is the increasing cases of teenage pregnancy among adolescents 10-19 years old, which has been declared as a national priority.
The incessant threat of the COVID-19 emergency has also contributed to the still increasing population, with reference to the projected increase of 42% of unintended pregnancy revealed by the University of the Philippines Population Institute (UPPI) last year. However, Usec. Perez confirmed that the number of FP acceptors and users in the country has increased even with the hampered services because of strict quarantine protocols in place. The increase in FP acceptors is due to the continuous efforts of local population workers and health service providers in reaching out to couples and individuals for FP services.
The result of the recently released 2020 CPH, shows the positive development of the implementation of Republic Act 10354 or the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health (RPRH) Law – which guarantees and enables measures for the sexual and reproductive rights of women, men, young people, and families through comprehensive and accessible reproductive health care services, including family planning. The lower annual growth rate, is seen as a result of the different strategies implemented in the field to help couples make an informed decision in planning the number and space of their children.
With this result, the Commission on Population and Development-Region X (POPCOM X) will continue the implementation and scale up strategies and intervention of the responsible parenthood and family planning (RPFP) program in the various provinces and cities, focusing on the reduction of maternal mortality and unintended pregnancy through provision of correct information and quality FP services.