April 8, 2022
In 2020, a total of 82,317 live births were registered in Northern Mindanao, indicating a decrease of at least 9,829 births from 2019, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (PSA CRVS). The year 2020 also recorded the lowest registered live births in the region with the highest decline rate of 11% since 2010. Despite the decline, the 2020 data means that an average of 225 babies are born daily or 9 babies every hour.
Table 1: Comparative Live Births in Northern Mindanao from 2010-2020.
The data also shows that the 2020 live births comprise of 42,873 or 52.1% males and 39,444 or 47.9% females. This results to a sex ratio of 109 males per 100 females.
Adolescent Live Births in Region 10
Of the 82,317 live births in Northern Mindanao, 11,076 are from adolescent mothers age 10-19. This is about 13.5% of the total live births in the region.
Looking back at the National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2017, Region 10 registered the 2nd highest percentage of adolescent birth at 14.7% following Davao Region’s 17.9%, among all regions in the country. In 2020, Northern Mindanao already ranks 5th throughout the nation yet, the top among Mindanao regions.
Of the 9 provinces and 5 cities in Northern Mindanao, Bukidnon ranks highest in adolescent live births at 3,608, followed by Misamis Oriental at 1,599, and Cagayan de Oro at 1,493. On the other hand, Oroquieta City registered the lowest at 117 adolescent live births.
“PSA announced that… the number of births in the country had a gap of 150,000 births [between 2019 and 2020] and on top of that, they made a determination that adolescent birth rate (ABR) in 2020 is now at 31%…. Our target nationwide by 2022 is 37% [ABR] so na-accomplished natin yung target 2 years earlier than we planned.”, says Commission on Population and Development (POPCOM) Executive Director USEC Juan Antonio A. Perez, lll, MD, MPH.
Further, USEC Perez congratulated all POPCOM regions for the great success in the reduction of ABR. He specifically mentioned Northern Mindanao for bringing down the rank to 5th in 2020 in adolescent pregnancy from 2nd place in 2017 NDHS. However, he still posed the challenge to all POPCOM regions to continue intensifying all strategies and interventions to be implemented to address the root cause of adolescent pregnancy as mandated by Executive Order 141.
On poverty reduction, USEC Perez said “Dapat tayong makilala hindi lamang bilang isang family planning (FP) agency kundi isang family development agency that contributes to the reduction of poverty and to the progressive development of Filipino families everywhere.”
Heeding this challenge, Regional Director Neil Aldrin G. Omega of POPCOM X continued to encourage not only the whole workforce of Region 10, but all the provincial and city population offices and stakeholders to fully implement the Philippine Population and Development Program (PPDP) programs, projects, and activities and work together in providing social behavioral change communication (SBCC) information and services to ensure reduction of cases of adolescent pregnancy in the region thereby contributing to the reduction of poverty gearing towards progressive development of all Filipino families in Northern Mindanao, tungo sa isang matatag, maginhawa at protektadong pamilyang Pilipino.