January 16, 2019
President Rodrigo R. Duterte signed Executive Order No. 71 renaming the Commission on Population (POPCOM) to Commission on Population and Development (CPD) and reverting its attachment to the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) from the Department of Health (DOH).
The order was signed last December 13, 2018, to strengthen the development and implementation of population-related policies, programs, plans, and projects by POPCOM through the enhancement of coordination with NEDA in pursuit of socio-economic development reforms and programs. Strengthening the integration of population and development is also indicated in the Philippine Development Plan 2017-2022 to increase the country’s economic growth.
The Commission on Population as a government agency was created through RA 6365 and as amended by PD 79 is mandated to formulate and adopt coherent, integrated and comprehensive long-term plans, programs and recommendations on the population as it relates to economic and social development consistent with and implementing the population policy which shall be submitted to and approved by the President. It shall make comprehensive studies of demographic data and expected demographic trends and propose policies that affect specific and quantitative population goals.
From 1991 until 2003, POPCOM was an attached agency of NEDA before its supervision was placed under the Department of Health (DOH) through EO 188 of then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
POPCOM 10 Regional Director Jeremias C. Gupit stated that “Although the agency’s name and attachment have been changed, the commitment of continuing the mission of the Philippine Population Management Program (PPMP) remains stronger than ever. Furthermore, POPCOM under NEDA retains its autonomy on administrative and technical functions.